For a detailed look at the book of Romans, check out romanssalvation.com
Date: 57 AD, during Paul’s third missionary journey
Place of writing: Likely Corinth or Cenchrea (near Corinth). Phoebe of Cenchrea and Gaius and Erastus (both likely from Corinth) are referenced in the book.
Recipients: The church at Rome. Unlike many of Paul’s letters he didn’t found this church. The church was predominantly Gentile but there must have still been a sizeable Jewish population as Romans 9-11 focuses on Israel.
Theme: Romans is all about salvation. Closely tied to this is righteousness from God and justification by faith.
Key points in Romans
While Romans tells us plainly about salvation, it first builds the case of our need for salvation. Romans 1:20 tells us that everyone is accountable for following the Lord because all of creation is a testimony to God. Romans 1:26-28 is a clear condemnation of homosexuality and the rest of the chapter then builds on all other sins.
Romans 3 is a bad news/good news chapter. It declares that no one is righteous but righteousness is available from God.
Romans 8 shows us what the Holy Spirit does in the life of a Christian and what a spirit filled life looks like. It concludes with how great God’s love is for us and that nothing can separate us from it.
Romans 9-11 discusses Israel’s rejection of Christ, their Messiah. Because they have rejected Christ, God has rejected them and has adopted the Gentiles instead. Nevertheless God is not through with Israel. Currently a remnant still remains faithful to God but Romans 11 closes by declaring that one day all of Israel will be saved.
Romans 12 instructs Christians on living a sacrificial life. Although physical sacrifices may be involved, this is in reference to spiritual sacrifices that one must make in order to live a righteous life in conformity with God’s will.
Key verses: Romans 3:23-24
…for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, and all are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus.